With regard to REAL power losses P in a conductor of total resistance R we have as a function of current:

P = I

^{2}×R

Current or the flow of uncharged electrons, a rotating unit of space, over a period of time is observed as a speed or more specifically the speed of light, c.

The electron being a spatial displacement moves

*through*the time of atom and not through the interstitial space as space to time constitutes motion and space to space does not.

The atom being a temporal rotation exists within the unit space boundary (time region) and so motion in this region (equivalent space) would be measured as a second-order relationship. The 1-dimensional translation in the TR would be seen in equivalent space as a second-power form, 1/c → c

^{2}

Mass (t

^{3}/s

^{3}) being resistance (t

^{2}/s

^{3}) for a period of time, we can substitute m/t for R above. Current being a speed can be replaced by its true speed, c.

P = I

^{2}×m/t → P×t = I

^{2}×m → E = mc

^{2}

Similar to our understanding that energy, momentum, and mass or 1-dimensional, 2-dimensional, and 3-dimensional

*inverse*speeds or put otherwise are measured in ratio against 1/c unit.

1D: E / (1/c)

2D: p / (1/c

^{2})

3D: m / (1/c

^{3})

E / (1/c) = m / (1/c

^{3}) → E = mc

^{2}