While doing some research on FTL propulsion, I got to wondering why Promethium is missing from the table of naturally occurring elements. Given Larson's premises, it should
be there, so why isn't it?
Looking at the displacements for the magnetic series:
Z=atomic number, Ab=Abbreviation, Disp=RS displacement,
Mass=amu, Rot=rotational mass, Iso=isotopic/vibrational mass:
Code: Select all
Z Ab Disp Mass Rot Iso
25 Mn 3-2-7 55 50 5 stable
43 Tc 3-3-7 98 86 12 no stable isotopes
61 Pm 4-3-7 145 122 23 not found in Nature (assumed very short half-life)
93 Np 4-4-7 237 186 51 no stable isotopes
Neptunium is over the 236 mass limit, so should be radioactive
in the RS. The others, however, should exist as naturally-occurring elements with at least one stable isotope. Only manganese does.
Elements that surround Tc and Pm all have 5 stable isotopes, so it is unlikely that there is some kind of "zone of instability" to account for this behavior. They actually appear to be in a zone of very stable isotopes.
If the +7 electric displacement was an oddity in Nature, then manganese would also be radioactive, which it is not.
Promethium is an odd atom, as it does not emit gamma rays... but does emit X-rays with beta decay. Using the astronomical data collected by Larson, X-rays are emitted when matter that is moving faster-than-light drops below unit speed. This is leading me to the conclusion that promethium DOES exist in Nature, but has its atomic structure moving in the intermediate speed range (2-x), faster-than-light. As such, the element would exhibit an negative isotopic mass (2Z-G, rather than 2Z+G). When at 2-x speed, promethium would have a mass of: 2(61)-23 = 99 amu. Curiously, this is the mass of one of the isotopes of technetium.
My conclusion to this point would be that, for a reason yet to be determined, natural promethium is exhibiting intermediate speed motion (FTL) and is being misidentified as technetium, which then breaks down into other, stable elements. (And that's how FTL propulsion got connected with promethium.)