The problem: In Larson's RS, the mass of any nuclide is determined by the equation: 2Z+G, where Z is the atomic number and G is the number of "gravitational charges" (in RS2, the charge from captured neutrinos).

2Z occurs because conventional science measures atomic mass by "charge" (vibration, G), and a vibration is half a rotation. Each rotation therefore

*appears*to be

*two*charges. The gravitational charge, being a vibration, is the basic "atomic mass unit."

What this means: the atomic number of an element in the RS is determined by its

*magnetic rotation*, having a mass of 2Z. That means the

*minimum mass*of any element is

*twice the atomic number*. From there, you go up by single units of gravitational charge (vibrational mass) until you reach a point where the vibrational mass is so great that it overwhelms the rotational system--and destroys it (probably α-decay). Numerically, the maximum mass for a nuclide would be 4Z-1 (you need another 2Z worth of gravitational charge to cancel out the rotation).

Of the data obtained:

- 280 nuclides have a mass less than 2Z.
- 13 have a mass greater than 4Z-1

When studying "natural isotopes," I ran into this problem with only Helium-3, the helion. What I found was a "misidentification," discussed here: Isotopes, compound rotations (n, 1H, 3He). (Basically, the helion is a compound particle, like hydrogen, and has nothing to do with helium--probably why it behaves so differently.)

Also, they are now including data for Element 118 (mass values 293, 294, 295), which Larson says cannot exist, because it is beyond the range that a motion can be expressed in a 3D reference system. Half-lives there are in the order of 1/1000th of a second.

I suspect the problem has to do with they way physicists report data. For example, if you take a glass bottle and smash it against the wall, is each piece of glass STILL a "lower mass" version of the bottle? After all, it is still "glass." That is basically what they are doing in particle accelerators.

I am not sure what these impact events are doing to the rotational/vibration structures, and I currently do not have a way to model them. It may have been converted to a compound motion, but don't understand why the long half-lives would exist.

If you are using the research database, you can get a list of the 280 "under range" nuclides by:

Code: Select all

`SELECT * FROM physics.nubase WHERE a<2*z ORDER BY z,a`

Code: Select all

`SELECT * FROM physics.nubase WHERE a>4*z-1 ORDER BY z,a`